Pineapple ( Ananas comosus ) is commonly regarded as the epitome of the tropics. The fruit's pretty shape, juicy, sweet and tart flesh makes it a favourite at the dessert table. The pineapple may be oval or cylindrical. The tough, waxy rind is made up of hexagonal “eyes” arranged spirally. Ripe fruit may be yellow, orange or reddish. The flesh may be nearly white or yellow.
The pineapple grows out of the ground surrounded by a rosette of waxy, strap-like leaves that have spines at their tips and margins. They are usually propagated from the crowns (the “tops” of the fruit) or slips (side shoots). They thrive in well-drained sandy loams with a pH of 4.5 – 6.5.
Pineapple is widely grown in Asia (Thailand, Philippines, Malaysia, China, and India), South Central America (Brazil, Costa Rica). Brazil is the world's largest producer of pineapple, followed by Thailand, Philippines, and Costa Rica.
There are many uses for pineapple; it is can be served fresh and as a refreshing juice. In many parts of the world, pineapple leaves are an important source of fibre for nets, thread and fabric.