- Study on Business Strategy and Implementation Plan for the Development of the Proposed ECER Integrated Pineapple Project Areas in Pekan and Rompin, Pahang, Malaysia
- MARDI – TFNet – GWG Collaborative Research on Breeding and Production of Horticultural Seeds (2008-2010)
- TFNet – SPAT Collaboration In the Tropical Fruit Processing Industry
- A Study on Plant Varieties Protection Testing in eight Asian Countries
- Technical Assistance for A 3-year Joint Collaborative Project On Post Harvest Handling and Processing of Fruits In Syrian Arab Republic
- The Transfer of Global Information System on Tropical Fruits with Special Focus on Africa
Study on Business Strategy and Implementation Plan for the Development of the Proposed ECER Integrated Pineapple Project Areas in Pekan and Rompin, Pahang, Malaysia
TFNet is involved in a 6 months, feasibility study to recommend a business strategy and implementable plan to development close to 6,000 hectares of land in the South West area of the State of Pahang, Malaysia for the cultivation of pineapple.
Objective and scope of study
The objective of this study is to provide a comprehensive business strategy and implementation plan on the development of the integrated pineapple project in the proposed areas in Pekan and Rompin, Pahang. The study will take full account of the policies, strategic thrusts and initiatives proposed for the development of the pineapple industry in the ECER master plan, the National Agricultural Policy 3, the 9th Malaysia Plan and other relevant state and federal government documents.The study involves preparation of a comprehensive business plan for the pineapple industry in the ECER covering the aspects of business model, physical plan and technology.
The study will specifically cover the following scope:
A. Macroeconomic Aspects
Overview of the global and regional pineapple industry and recent development trends in:
• Production both fresh and processed products of pineapple
• Consumption and export demand
• Market and trade
B. Cluster Studies of Pineapple Industry in Malaysia
Analysis of the value chain and supply chain in the pineapple industry from planting materials to processing including supporting industries and supply of raw materials. The analysis will include:
• Overview of key segments of the value chain and supply chain
• Structure of the pineapple industry in Malaysia and ECER including supply and demand situation
• Issues in the value chain and supply chain
• Technology and Innovation of each component of the value chain
- Propagation/breeding technique
- Nursery techniques
- Field planting and maintenance
- Harvesting and transportation
- Collection, processing and packaging of fresh fruits
- Processing and canning
- Complementary industries (catlle feedlotting and production of organic fertilizer)
• Supporting industries such as raw materials, packaging and canning, logistics, equipments and feeder animals
• Infrastructures such as roads, drainage, collecting centers, factory, electricity, mechanization etc.
• Market and marketing system
• Analysis of strength, weakness, opportunities and threat (SWOT) for each component of the value chain
C. Cluster development Strategies for ECER
Proposals for the development of the pineapple industry in ECER – Plans, targets and promotional measures and strategic initiatives and directions for the ECER. Proposals include:
• Integration with the international and regional market
• Establishment of production areas
• Pineapple varieties to be promoted and cultivation methods
• Types of products eg. fresh fruits, canned slices, canned cubes, juices
• Marketing and distribution system
• Human resource development
• Role of government and incentives
• Role of private sector
• Phasing of projects
• Business model for the development of the pineapple industry including Bumiputra Commercial and Industrial Committee (BCIC) participation in the ECER
• Jobs and availability of skills among the local populace, especially their economic involvement, their income and poverty levels, and perception of their needs.
D. Physical Plan for the Development of the Pineapple Industry in Rompin and Pekan including:
• Suitability of the proposed areas for pineapple cultivation
• Proposed cropping systems (may include other crops)
• Physical infrastructure for the development of the Integrated Pineapple Development Project that will include the farm, Administration and Labs, cannery, CPPC, Cattle Feedlotting and housing
• Infrastructure requirements for the proposed area (roads, drainage, electricity, water etc)
• Types of industries along the value chain including types of products
• Physical infrastructure for the development of pineapple plantation and processing facilities
• Physical plan on the development of the proposed area
• Preliminary designs up to pre-detailed engineering level
• Business model such as joint-venture, contract farming, foreign investments, etc
• Project costs
E. Financial and Economic Analysis
• Financial and economic analysis of the various pineapple-related projects proposed including financial projections, profitability indicators, sensitivity analysis, and bench marking against industry averages and standards
• Critical success factors
• Recommendation on business viability
• Development of Key Performance Indicators (KPI)
F. Business Model
Evaluate entry strategies for the development of the pineapple industry in ECER including:
• Types of industries along the value chain
• Business modality such as joint-ventures, contract farming, foreign investment etc
• Indications of private sector interest in the various proposed projects
• Participation of local entrepreneurs
MARDI – TFNet – GWG Collaborative Research on Breeding and Production of Horticultural Seeds (2008-2010)
A Memorandum of Agreement between the 3 parties was signed on 21 st August 2008 . This collaborative R & D project is for a period of two years (1 st June 2008 – 31 st May 2010). The project objectives are;
a) To develop and evaluate new varieties of melon / watermelon adaptable to tropical conditions and meet the consumer preferences.
b) To develop and evaluate new vegetables (chilli, cucumber, pumpkin and long bean) varieties.
c) To develop and evaluate tropical hybrid sweet corn varieties for fresh and canning purposes.
d) To identify efficient management techniques of producing quality seeds of melon/watermelon, chilli, cucumber, pumpkin, long bean and sweet corn.
e) Capacity building of young researchers in breeding of horticultural crops.
It is envisaged that this public-private sector partnership would enhance the commercialization of new technology for the benefit of fruit and vegetable growers.
TFNet – SPAT Collaboration In the Tropical Fruit Processing Industry
According to FAOSTAT, the production of tropical and subtropical fruits was estimated to have increased nearly 20 million tons during the past 5 years to approximately 261 million tons in 2003. Countries in Asia account for 65.3 % of total world production. This was followed by Latin America 13.7 %, Africa 9.2 % Europe 3.7 % and Oceania 0.5 %.
While tropical fruit production has increased, it has also been reported that an estimated 10-20 % of tropical fruits harvested are wasted or spoilt due to poor post-harvest handling. This is further exacerbated when there is overproduction or glut.
Plans to have proper post-harvest handling facilities and processing are perhaps important components in a typical fruit production program. Nowadays, products of tropical fruits abound in the form of juices, purees, dried fruit, freeze fried or vacuum fried. Thus, generally, besides improving post harvest handling, processing of tropical fruits can help mitigate problems of post harvest losses, especially among small growers.
In an effort to introduce and promote fruit processing especially to the small scale producers, TFNet teamed up with Sentra Pengembangan Agribisnis Terpadu (SPAT) a private company based in Malang , East Java, Indonesia which provides services in entrepreneurial training and food processing. SPAT is also involved in the design and production of food processing equipment. In this aspect, TFNet saw the potential of some of the equipment especially the vacuum fry machine. This machine was seen as suitable for fruit chip production by small and medium size operators.
TFNet’s cooperation with SPAT began following a visit to SPAT’s agribusiness sub-terminal during the PMC meeting in Surabaya on 17 March 2004. Later on a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between TFNet and SPAT was signed on 25 January 2005 which spelt out the areas of cooperation between the two partners.
The areas of cooperation spelt out in the MOU were:
Based on the MOU, there are four major activities in the TFNet-SPAT collaboration :
A Study on Plant Varieties Protection Testing in eight Asian Countries
Joint collaboration between TFNet and GTZ
The protection of plant varieties which have been developed by breeders have recently been given much focus when it comes to legal rights on who it belongs to. It has become imperative now for countries to come up with a legal framework to protect plant varieties or cultivars that are developed by their breeders. The TRIPS (Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights ) under the WTO .
PVP Testing is synonymous with the DUS (Distinctness, Uniformity and Stability) criteria which was introduced by the International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants. (UPOV). Generally, breeders in countries who are members of UPOV utilize this DUS characterization to register plant varieties as intellectual property.
The International Tropical Fruits Network (TFNet) has been granted funds from GTZ of Germany to undertake a study on the status of Plant Varieties Protection implementation on Tropical Fruits in eight Asian countries. The countries are Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam.
The objectives of the study are :
- To assess the current status, constraints and prospects of PVP testing on Tropical Fruits in the selected countries.
- To assess the institutional aspects of the implementation of PVP testing in the context of administration, PVP registration system, testing facilities and data collaboration in testing and enforcing rights within and among selected countries.
- To assess the availability of a national database on fruit varieties
- To assess the feasibility of information sharing between countries in the region.
- To analyse the sui generis legislation with respect to farmers’ right vis-a-vis problems and challenges in relation to UPOV legislation , and its expected impact for farmers and the national seed market.
The study is headed by the TFNet Chief Executive Officer, who is also the Project Leader. The Project Leader will be assisted by two consultants, one from Germany and the other from Malaysia and the secretariat (TFNet). Besides this, the officers in charge of the PVP Office of the selected eight countries are also involved with this project. Methodology of the study is through questionnaires, country visits and a workshop.
The study involves a survey of the PVP testing mechanism in each of the countries identified through questionnaires which have been prepared by the two consultants. This will be followed by visits to the countries concerned by the consultants and project leader to gather qualitative data acquired through observation and semi-structured interview with relevant individuals from both governmental and non governmental agencies involved with PVP testing with farmers.. Finally, a workshop involving the project leader, consultants and representatives from all the countries involved will be held in Kuala Lumpur in end 2007.
The expected output for this project will be a report on the current status, constraints and prospects of PVP testing system in each of the selected countries. The report will be distributed to institutions working in the field of plant genetic resources in the respective countries. A directory of the PVP testing agencies in each of the countries denoting the test for the different crop types will also be compiled and distributed.
This project is expected to end in December 2007
Technical Assistance for A 3-year Joint Collaborative Project On Post Harvest Handling and Processing of Fruits In Syrian Arab Republic
Joint collaboration between TFNet and Marditech Corporation Sdn. Bhd
International Tropical Fruits Network (TFNet), in collaboration with Marditech Corporation Sdn. Bhd., is currently implementing a Technical Assistance Project on Post-Harvest Handling and Processing of Fruits in the Syrian Arab Republic for a three-year period from 2005 – 2007.
During the last two decades, the production of the fruit sector (e.g. citrus, olive, apples) in Syria increased dramatically. However, little was exported due to the lack of appropriate post-harvest handling and processing such as packing techniques and marketing strategies. Responding to the request by the Syrian Government through its Embassy in Malaysia, the Malaysian Government approved the above technical assistance project in 2004.
This project, funded under the Malaysian Technical Cooperation Programme (MTCP) of the Economic Planning Unit, Prime Minister’s Department, aims to assist Syria in the development of their fruit industry through the provision of consultancy services and include the following activities:
- To conduct a technical needs assessment for Syria in areas relating to post-harvest development of the fruit sector;
- To facilitate transfer of appropriate technologies relating to post-harvest development of the fruit industry;
- To provide a forum for exchange of experience, information and technologies among the stakeholders of the fruit industry of both countries; and
- To promote close partnership and provide opportunities for bilateral trade.
As part of the agreement of the three year Joint Collaborative Project, a Technical Needs Assessment Study was conducted in Syria from 24 April – 9 May 2005, focusing on the status and development trend of the fruit sector and identifying the technical assistance required for its further development, particularly in the following areas:
- Policies and institutional support
- Post-harvest handling and process
- Extension Services and Agribusiness Development
- Marketing of major fruits
- Technology commercialisation
The Transfer of Global Information System on Tropical Fruits with Special Focus on Africa
Funded by the Common Fund for Commodities (CFC) of the United Nations
This project, “The Transfer of Global Information System on Tropical Fruits with Special Focus on Africa”, is funded by the Common Fund for Commodities (CFC) of the United Nations. The information system is developed by International Tropical Fruits Network (TFNet).
In the tropical fruit industry, an important need for any country is to increase productivity and enhance its competitiveness. Increases in production and product quality are highly dependent on improved and readily access to knowledge on all aspects relating to tropical fruits. In recognition of the need to have a unified authoritative reference source on tropical fruit information, International Tropical Fruits Network (TFNet) in collaboration with the Common Fund for Commodities (CFC) has developed this “Global Information on Tropical Fruits”.
The main objective of this project is to provide credible and comprehensive technical information and knowledge on tropical fruits, integrated with trade and marketing information for the benefit of the stakeholders of the tropical fruit industry, including the French speaking stakeholders in the African region so as to:
- Improve the productivity of the tropical fruit industry;
- Enhance the quality of tropical fruits; and
- Expand the tropical fruit trade internationally.
This information system currently contains information on technical, production and trade for 15 selected fruits, namely, avocado, banana, carambola, citrus, durian, guava, jackfruit, lansium, mango, orange, papaya, pineapple, rambutan, sapodilla, and watermelon.